Valentina De Marchi, "Environmental Upgrading and Downgrading in Global Value Chains: A Framework for Analysis"
Economic Geography, 2022
Aarti Krishnan, University of Manchester
Stefano Ponte, Copenhagen Business School
Valentina De Marchi, Department of Economics and Management 'Marco Fanno', University of Padua
The largest environmental impacts come from manufacturing activities. Yet many companies are not responsible for these activities, they outsource them to suppliers often located in countries where standards are much lower.
In this paper the authors take stock of the existing understanding on environmental upgrading global value chains and develop a framework for empirical scholars.
Read the article here: https://unipd.link/Paper_DeMarchi_Environmental_Upgrading_GVCs